DX INFO CENTRE
RADIO COUNTRIES
A country list for DXers
See here for inclusion criteria.
  XXX = countries further divided into sub-entities for use in non-SW bands (clickable link)

Non-ITU country codes are highlighted in bold.


NORTH AMERICA
EUROPE
ASIA
SOUTH AMERICA
AFRICA
OCEANIA
ANTARCTICA
INTERNATIONAL WATERS
SPACE
 



NA
NORTH AMERICA
ALS
Alaska
AIA
Anguilla
ATG Antigua & Barbuda
ABW
Aruba
BAH
Bahamas
BRB
Barbados
BLZ
Belize
BER
Bermuda
VRG
British Virgin Islands
CAN
Canada
BES
Caribbean Netherlands
CYM Cayman Islands
CPT
Clipperton Island
CTR
Costa Rica
CUB
Cuba
CUW
Curazao
DMA
Dominica
DOM
Dominicana
GRL
Greenland
GRD Grenada
GLP
Guadeloupe
CG7
Guantanamo Bay
GTM
Guatemala
HTI Haiti
HND
Honduras
XOA
ICAO 1
JMC
Jamaica
MRT
Martinique
MEX
Mexico
MSR
Montserrat
XNV
Navassa Island
NCG Nicaragua
PNR
Panama
PTR
Puerto Rico
BLM
St. Barthelemy
KNA St. Kitts & Nevis
LCA
Saint Lucia
MAF
Saint Martin
SPM
Saint Pierre & Miquelon
VCT St. Vincent & The Grenadines
SLV
El Salvador
SXM
Sint Maarten
SWN
Swan Islands
TRD Trinidad & Tobago
TCA
Turks & Caicos
XUN
United Nations 2
USA
USA 3
VIR
Virgin Islands


 1 stations with 4Y call signs in Montreal.
 2 stations with 4U call signs in New York. XUN counts as one entity.
 3 America.


EU
EUROPE
ALB
Albania
AND
Andorra
ARM
Armenia
AUT
Austria
AZE Azerbaijan
XAR
  • Artsakh
AZR
Azores
BLR
Belarus
BEL
Belgium
BIH Bosnia & Herzegovina
GBR Britannia
GGY   • Guernsey
SRK
    • Sark
IMN
  • Isle of Man
JEY
  • Jersey
BUL
Bulgaria
HRV
Croatia
CZE
Czechia
DNK
Denmark
IRL
Ιire
EST
Estonia
FRO
Faero Islands
FIN
Finland
ALA
  • Aaland
FRA
France
GEO Georgia
XAB
  • Abkhazia
XSO
  • South Ossetia
DEU
Germany
GIB
Gibraltar
GRC Greece
HNG
Hungary
ISLIceland
ITA Italy
XOM
  • Order of Malta
LVA
Latvia
LIE
Liechtenstein
LTU
Lithuania
LUX
Luxembourg
MLT
Malta
MDA
Moldova
XSN
  • TMR 1
MCO
Monaco
MNE
Montenegro
HOL
Netherlands
MKD
North Macedonia
NOR
Norway
SJM
  • Svalbard & Jan Mayen
POL
Poland
POR
Portugal
ROU
Romania
3RUS3
Russia 2
SMR
San Marino
3SRB3
Serbia
UNK
  • Kosovo
SVK
Slovakia
SVN
Slovenia
ESP
Spain
SWE
Sweden
SUI
Switzerland
UKR
Ukraine
XUN
United Nations 3
CVA
Vatican
XWM
WMO 4


 1 Transnistria.
 2 excl. Siberia, Far East & Ural (see under Asia).
 3 stations with 4U call signs in Geneva or Vienna. XUN counts as one entity.
 4 stations with C7 call signs in Geneva.


AS
ASIA
AFG
Afghanistan
BHR
Bahrain
BGD
Bangladesh
BTN
Bhutan
BIO
British Indian Ocean 1
BRU
Brunei Darussalam
CBG
Cambodia
CHN
China
 TWN2 China (Taiwan)
CYP
Cyprus
XNC   • North Cyprus
DGA
Diego Garcia
TLS
East Timor
UAE
Emirati Arabia
XGZ Gaza Strip
HKG
Hong Kong
IND
India
INS
Indonesia
IRN
Iran
IRQ
Iraq
ISR
Israel
JOR
Jordan
KAZ
Kazakhstan
KOR
Korea
KRE
Korea DPR
KWT
Kuwait
KGZ
Kyrgyzstan
LAO
Laos
LBN
Lebanon
MAC
Macao
MLA
Malaysia
BRN
  • Sabah & Labuan
SRW
  • Sarawak
MLDMaldives
MNG
Mongolia
BRM
Myanmar
NPL
Nepal
JPN
Nippon
OMA
Oman
PAK
Pakistan
PSE 3 Palestine
PHL
Pilipinas
QAT
Qatar
SEO
Russia • Siberia, Far East & Ural
ARS
Saudi Arabia
SNG
Singapore
XSP
Spratly Islands
CLN
Sri Lanka
SYR
Syria
TJK
Tajikistan
THA
Thailand
TUR
Turkey
TKM
Turkmenistan
UZB
Uzbekistan
VTN
Viet Nam
YEM
Yemen


 1 excl. Diego Garcia.
 2 ITU code is XCN.
 3 West Bank portion. ITU code for West Bank is XWB.


SA
SOUTH AMERICA
ARG
Argentina
BOL
Bolivia
BRA
Brazil
CHL
Chile
CLM
Colombia
EQA
Ecuador
FLK
Falkland Islands
SGS
  • South Georgia & The South Sandwich Islands
GUF
French Guyana
GUY
Guyana
PRG
Paraguay
PRU
Peru
SUR
Suriname
URG
Uruguay
VENVenezuela


AA
ANTARCTICA
XFR
Adelie Land
ATA
Antarctica 1
XAA
  • Australian Antarctica
XBA
  • British Antarctica
XOR
     • South Orkney Islands
XQM
  • Queen Maud Land & Peter I Island
XRD
  • Ross
BVT
Bouvet Island
CRO
Crozet Islands
HMD
Heard & McDonald Islands
KER
Kerguelen Islands
MRN
Prince Edward Islands
AMS
St. Paul & Amsterdam Islands


 1 ATA code for unclaimed Antarctica between 90°W and 150°W (Marie Byrd & Ellsworth Lands).


AF
AFRICA
XBY
Abyei
ALG
Algeria
AGL
Angola
ASC
Ascension Island
BEN
Benin
BOT
Botswana
BFA
Burkina Faso
BDI
Burundi
CME
Cameroon
CNR
Canary Islands
CPV
Cape Verde
CAF
Centrafrica
TCD
Chad
COM
Comoros
COG
Congo
COD
Democratic Congo
DJI
Djibouti
EGY
Egypt
GNE
Equatorial Guinea
ERI
Eritrea
SWZ
Eswatini
ETH
Ethiopia
GAB
Gabon
GMB
The Gambia
GHA
Ghana
GUI
Guinea
GNB
Guinea-Bissau
CTI
Ivory Coast
KEN
Kenya
LSO
Lesotho
LBR
Liberia
LBY
Libya
MDG
Madagascar
MDR
Madeira
MWI
Malawi
MLI
Mali
MTN
Mauritania
MAU
Mauritius
MYT
Mayotte
MRC
Morocco
MOZ
Mozambique
NMB
Namibia
NGR
Niger
NIG
Nigeria
REU Reunion
ATF   • Scattered Islands 1
ROD
Rodrigues
RRW
Rwanda
AOE
Sahara
XRS   • Sahara Republic
SHN
St. Helena
STP
S. Tome & Principe
SEN
Senegal
SEY
Seychelles
SRL
Sierra Leone
SOM
Soomaaliya
SMB   • Somaliland
AFS
South Africa
SSD
South Sudan
SDN
Sudan
TZA
Tanzania
TGO
Togo
TRC
Tristan da Cunha
GOE   • Gough Island
TUN
Tunisia
UGA
Uganda
ZMB
Zambia
ZWE
Zimbabwe


1 Scattered Islands are administratively part of French Austral & Antarctic Lands.


OC
OCEANIA
SMA
American Samoa
AUS
Australia
CHR
Christmas Island
ICO
Cocos (Keeling) Islands
CKH
Cook Islands
PAQ
Easter Island
FJI
Fiji
OCE
French Polynesia
GUM
Guam
HWA
Hawaii
HWL
Howland & Baker Islands
JAR
Jarvis Island
JON
Johnston Atoll
KIR
Kiribati 1
SLI
  • Southern Line Islands
MHL
Marshall Islands
FSM
Micronesia
MDW
Midway Islands
NRU
Nauru
NCL
New Caledonia
NZL
New Zealand
NIU
Niue
NFK
Norfolk Island
MRA
Northern Mariana Islands
PLW
Palau
PLM
Palmyra Atoll & Kingman Reef
PNG
Papua New Guinea
PHX
Phoenix Islands
CTE
  • Canton & Enderbury
PTC
Pitcairn Islands
SMO
Samoa
SLM
Solomon Islands
SCZ
  • Temotu
TKL
Tokelau
TON
Tonga
TUV
Tuvalu
VUT
Vanuatu
TOB
  • Torba
WAK
Wake Island
WAL Wallis & Futuna


 1 excl. Phoenix Islands.


XZ
INTERNATIONAL WATERS 1
ATL
Atlantic Region 2
PAC
Pacific Region 2
XXZ
Other International Waters 2
XMM
Ships 3


 1 Outside of EEZ zones.
 2 Fixed ocean stations.
 3 Excluding fixed ocean stations.
SP
SPACE
ZOX
Outer Space 1
ZMO
Moon 2
ZSX
Solar System 3
ZSU
Sun
ZME
Mercury
ZVE
Venus
ZMA
Mars
ZJU
Jupiter
ZSA
Saturn
ZUR
Uranus
ZNE
Neptune
ZPL
Pluto
ZDX
Deep Space 4


 Note A : man-made stations only
 Note B : Sun & planet codes for within 2,000,000 km of solar or planetary surfaces
 1 100 km above Earth's surface to within 2,000,000 km of Earth
 2 within 100 km of Moon's surface
 3 beyond 2,000,000 km from the Sun or a planet
 4 beyond the Solar System


Maintained by William R. Hepburn. This list is in not meant to represent official usage.

Countries included :
1) ITU Preface (Terrestrial Services) : 'Geographical Areas'
2) UN M49 : 'Countries or Areas / Geographical Regions'
3) UPU Postal Addressing Systems : 'ISO 3166-1 Alpha Codes' in Antarctica
4) WMO No. 386 : 'Country or Territory Designators'
5) ICAO Location Identifiers : 'Index to Nationality Letters'
6) Wikipedia : 'List of States With Limited Recognition', including Order of Malta
7) for Space entries only : MARC Code List : 'Geographical Areas'

A few countries designated are those areas "orphaned" between overlapping countries from different lists.
Non-ITU countries are listed under their associated ITU country.

Continent borders are those used in traditional Hammond atlases.

There is no attempt to list defunct countries here, as they are too numerous. Countries will be added and deleted as their status changes. Using a current list gives all DXers (rookie and veteran) a chance to DX the same # of countries, look forward to DXing new countries, or lament the loss of a deleted country.

Country names derived from English names found on postage stamps, or if none, names used by the British PCGN1.
Country names do not include government type except in the case of duplicate country names.

 1) https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/country-names/country-names-the-permanent-committee-on-geographical-names-for-british-official-use

Country codes are generally chosen in the order shown above from 1) to 8), but there are exceptions.
 In some cases there are no known official 3-letter codes and thus unofficial codes were designated by DXIC.

The appendix to this list - Radio Sub-Countries - can be found here.




 Record of Changes
2023-06-09 
 Code for Kosovo changed from XSK to UNK to match ICAO use.
2023-04-08 
 Major revamp.


Back to : DX Info Centre
Go to : Radio Sub-Countries
William R. Hepburn